ACTIVATED PROTEIN C RESISTANCE UNIVERSITY
Introduction | Biochemistry | Clinical Aspects | Key Reports | PubMed Abstracts | References
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Oral contraceptives and venous thrombosis: Different sensitivities to activated protein C in women using second- and third-generation oral contraceptives. Rosing J, Br J Haematol 97, 233-238 ( 1997). Ref 97102. Interesting results obtained with a thrombin generation test performed in the presence of APC. PubMed Abstract
Potential misdiagnosis of factor V Leiden: A comparison of two genotyping techniques. Letter to the Editor. Cumming AM, Thromb Haemost 77, 1215-24 (1997). Ref 9789
Hereditary resistance to activated protein C: An uncommon risk factor for thromboembolic disease in lupus patients with antiphospholipid antibodies. EH Sasso, Arthritis and Rheumatism, 1997, Vol 40, Iss 9, pp 1720-1721. PubMed Abstract
Factor V and protein S as cofactors to activated protein C. Dahlbäck B. Haematologica 82, 91-95 (1997). A recent review on the protein C pathway.
Factor V genetic component differing from factor V R506Q contributes to the activated protein C resistance phenotype. F Bernardi et al. Blood 90, 1552-1557 /1997). Ref 97157. A specific FV gene haplotype, defined by six polymorphisms, is related to a lower APC response. PubMed Abstract Full Text Article
Activated Protein C resistance - A major risk factor for thrombosis. Rosén S Eur J Clin Chem Clin Biochem 35, 501-516 (1997). Ref 97101. A review article covering the important aspects within the area of APC resistance.
The effect of delayed analysis or freeze-thawing on the measurement of natural anticoagulants, resistance to activated protein C and markers of activation of the haemostatic system. Luddington R et al. Thromb.Res.Vol.87. No.6 pp.577-581,1997
References from the APC Resistance Monograph
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80. Chaida C, Gialeraki A, Tsoukala C, Mandalaki T. Prevalence of the FVQ506 mutation in the hellenic population. Thromb Haemost 76, 124-128 (1996).
81. Arruda VR, von Suben PM, Soares MCP et al. Very low incidence of Arg506->Gln mutation in the factor V gene among the Amazonian Indians and the Brazilian black population. Thromb Haemost 75, 860-861 (1996).
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84. Schröder W, Koesling M, Wulff K et al. Large-scale screening for factor V Leiden mutation in a north-eastern German population. Haemostasis 26, 233-236 (1996).
85. Braun A, Müller B and Rosche AA. Population study of the G1691A mutation (R506Q, FV Leiden) in the human factor V gene that is associated with resistance to activated protein C. Hum Genet 97, 263-264 (1996).
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88. Gou D, Naipai A and Reitsma PH. World distribution of factor V Leiden mutation. Letters to the Editor. Lancet 347, 59 (1996).
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90. Dzimiri N, Meyer B. World distribution of factor V Leiden. - Letters to the Editor. Lancet 347, 481-482 (1996).
91. Pottinger P, Sigurdsson F. Detection of the factor V Leiden mutation in a nonselected black population. Correspondence - Letters to the Editor.Blood 87, 2091 (1996).
92. Hooper WC, Dilley A, Ribeiro MJA et al. A racial difference in the prevalence of the Arg506->Gln mutation. Thromb Haemost 81, 577-581 (1996).
93. Kontula K, Ylikorkala A, Miettinen H et al. Arg506 Gln Factor V Mutation (Factor V Leiden) in Patients with Ischaemic Cerebrovascular Disease and Survivors of Myocardial Infarction. Rapid Communication. Thromb Haemost 73, 558-560 (1995).
94. Cox MJ, Rees DC, Martinson JJ, Klegg JB. Evidence for a single origin of factor V Leiden. Br J Haem 92, 1022-1025 (1996).
95. Leroy-Matheron C, Levent M, Pignon JM et al. The 1691G->A mutation in the factor V gene: relationship to activated protein C (APC) resistance and thrombosis in 65 patients. Thromb Haemost 75, 4-10 (1996).
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103. Foulc P, Bihan GL, Guillerm C et al. Thrombose portale chez une malade ayant une maladie de Vaquez et le facteur V Leiden. Presse Med 25, 1126 (1996).
104. Horstkamp B, Lübke M, Kentenich H et al. Internal jugular vein thrombosis caused by resistance to activated protein C as a complication of ovarian hyperstimulation after in-vitro fertilization. - case report. Hum Reprod 11, 280-282 (1996).
105. Martinelli I, Landi G, Merati G et al. Factor V gene mutation is a risk factor for cerebral venous thrombosis. Thromb Haemost 75, 393-394 (1996).
106. Vuillier F, Moulin T, Tatu L et al. Isolated cortical vein thrombosis and activated protein C resistance.Stroke 27, 1440- 1441 (1996).
107. Denninger M-H, Beldjord K, Durand F et al. Budd-Chiari syndrome and factor V Leiden mutation. Letters to the Editor. Lancet 345, 525-526 (1995).
108. Mahmoud AEA, Wilde JT, Elias E. Budd-Chiari syndrome and factor V Leiden mutation. Letters to the Editor. Lancet 345, 526 (1995).
109. Mambrini P, Mallet D, O’Callaghan T et al. Budd-Chiari syndrome and activated protein C resistance. J Hep 24, 246 (1996).
110. Petäjä J, Jalanko H, Holmberg C et al. Resistance to activated protein C as an underlying cause of recurrent venous thrombosis during relapsing nephrotic syndrome. J Pediatr 127, 103-105 (1995).
111. Munkvad S, Jørgensen M. Resistance to activated protein C: a common anticoagulant deficiency in patients with venous leg ulceration.Br J Determ 134, 296-298 (1996).
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113. Gardyn J, Sorkin P, Kluger Y et al. Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia and fatal thrombosis in a patient with activated protein C resistance. Am J Hematol 50, 292-295 (1996).
114. De Prost D, Delmas V, Lefebvre M et al. Priapism revealing Arg506 to Gln factor V mutation. J Urology 155, 1392 (1996).
115. Bucalossi A, Marotta G, Bigazzi C et al. Reduction of antithrombin III, protein C, and protein S levels and activated protein C resistance in polycythemia vera and essential thrombocythemia patients with thrombosis. Am J Hematol 52, 14-20 (1996).
116. Zenz W, Muntean W, Gallistl S et al. Inherited resistance to activated protein C in a boy with multiple thromboses in early infancy. Original Paper, Eur J Pediatr 154, 285-288 (1995).
117. Kodish E, Potter C, Kirschbaum N, Foster PA. Activated protein C resistance in a neonate with venous thrombosis. J Pediatr 127, 645-648 (1995).
118. Sifontes MT, Nuss R, Jacobson LJ et al. Thrombosis in otherwise well children with the factor V Leiden mutation. J Pediatr 128, 324-328 (1996).
119. Gurgey A, Mesci L, Renda Y et al. Factor V Q506 mutation in children with thrombosis. Am J Hematol 53, 37-39 (1996).
120. Perkins W, Downie I, Keefe M, Chisholm M. Cutaneous necrosis in pregnancy secondary to activated protein C resistance in hereditary angioedema. J R Soc Med 88, 229-230 (1995).
121. Makris M, Bardhan G, Preston FE. Warfarin induced skin necrosis associated with activated protein C resistance. Letters to the Editor. Thromb Haemost 75, 524 (1996).
122. Simioni P, de Ronde H, Prandoni P et al. Ischemic stroke in young patients with activated protein C resistance. Stroke 26, 885-890 (1995).
123. Ganesan V, Kelsey H, Cookson J et al. Activated protein C resistance in childhood stroke. Lancet 347, 260 (1996).
124. Nowak-Göttl U, Koch HG, Aschka I et al. Resistance to activated protein C (APCR) in children with venous or arterial thromboembolism. Br J Haem 92, 992-998 (1996).
125. Albucher JF, Guiraud-Chaumeil B, Chollet F et al. Frequency of resistance to activated protein C due to factor V mutation in young patients with ischemic stroke. Stroke 27, 766 (1996).
126. Montaruli B, Voorberg J, Tamponi G et al. Arterial and venous thrombosis in two Italian families with the factor V Arg506›Gln mutation. Eur J Haematol 57, 96-100 (1996).
127. Samani NJ, Lodwick D, Martin D, Kimber P. Resistance to activated protein C and risk of premature myocardial infarction. Letters to the Editor. Lancet 344, 1709-1710 (1994).
128. Demarmels Biasiutti F, Merlo C, Furlan M et al. No association of APC resistance with myocardial infarction. Blood Coag Fibrinol 6, 456-459 (1995).
129. Van Bockxmeer FM, Baker RI, Taylor RR. Premature ischaemic heart disease and the gene for coagulation factor V. Nature Med 1,185 (1995).
130. Eritsland J, Gjönnes G, Sandset PM et al. Activated protein C resistance and graft occlusion after coronary artery bypass surgery. Thromb res 79, 223-226 (1995).
131. Ardissino D, Peyvandi F, Merlini PA et al. Factor V (Arg506->Gln) mutation in young survivors of myocardial infarction.Thromb Haemost 75, 701-702 (1996).
132. März W, Seydewitz H, Winkelmann B et al. Mutation in coagulation factor V associated with resistance to activated protein C in patients with coronary artery disease. Letters to the Editor. Lancet 345, 526-527 (1995).
133. Catto A, Carter A, Ireland H et al. Factor V Leiden gene mutation and thrombin generation in relation to the development of acute stroke. Arterioscler Thromb and Vasc Biol 15, 783-785 (1995).
134. Forsyth PD, Dolan G. Activated protein C resistance in cases of cerebral infarction. Letters to the Editor. Lancet 345, 795 (1995).
135. Press RD, Liu X-Y, Beamer N, Coull BM. Ischemic stroke in the elderly. Role of the common factor V mutation causing resistance to activated protein C. Stroke 27, 44-48 (1996).
136. Lindblad B, Svensson PJ, Dahlbäck B. Arterial and venous thromboembolism with fatal outcome and resistance to activated protein C. Lancet 343, 917 (1994).
137. Holm J, Zöller B, Svensson PJ et al. Myocardial infarction associated with homozygous resistance to activated protein C. Lancet 344, 952-953 (1994).
138. Ouriel K, Green RM, De Weese JA, Cimino C. Activated protein C resistance: prevalence and implications in peripheral vascular disease.J Vasc Res 23, 46-52 (1996).
139. Sakata T, Kario K, Katayama Y et al. Clinical significance of activated protein C resistance as a potential marker for hypercoagulable state. Thromb Res 82, 235-244 (1996).
140. Fisher M, Fernández JA, Ameriso SF et al. Activated protein C resistance in ischemic stroke not due to factor V Arginine506›Glutamine mutation.Stroke 27, 1163-1166 (1996).
141.Van der Bom JG, Bots ML, Haverkate F et al. Reduced response to activated protein C is associated with increased risk for cerebrovascular disease. Ann Intern Med 125, 265-269 (1996).
142. Reitsma PH, Poort SR, Allaart CF et al. The spectrum of genetic defects in a panel of 40 Dutch families with symptomatic protein C deficiency type I: heterogenicity and founder effects. Blood 78, 890-894 (1991).
143. Tait RC, Walker ID, Reitsma PH et al. Prevalence of protein C deficiency in the healthy population. Thromb Haemost 73, 87-93 (1995).
144. Zöller B, He X, Dahlbäck B. Homozygous APC-resistance combined with inherited type 1 protein S deficiency in a young boy with severe thrombotic disease.Thromb Haemost 73, 743-745 (1995).
145. Brenner B, Zivelin A, Lanir N et al. Venous thromboembolism associated with double heterozygosity for R506Q mutation of factor V and for T298M mutation of protein C in a large family of a previously described homozygous protein C-deficient newborn with massive thrombosis. Blood 88, 877-880 (1996).
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